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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome : Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is a common condition that affects millions of people around the world, causing discomfort and interfering with daily activities. In this article, we will explore what CTS is, its causes, symptoms and some available treatment options.

What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

CTS is a medical condition that occurs when the median nerve, which runs down the forearm to the hand, is compressed at the wrist. This compression can result in a variety of uncomfortable symptoms affecting the hand and wrist.

Causes of CTS:

  1. Predisposing Anatomy:

    • The bone and ligament structure of the wrist can favor compression of the median nerve.
  2. Genetic Factors:

    • Genetic predisposition may increase the likelihood of developing CTS.
  3. Repetitive Activities:

    • Excessive and repetitive use of hands and wrists in certain professional activities (hairdressing...)
  4. Medical Conditions:

    • Diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and hypothyroidism are associated with increased risk.
  5. Injuries and Trauma:

    • Wrist injuries can contribute to the development of CTS.

Symptoms of CTS:

  1. Numbness and Tingling:

    • Numbness and tingling sensation in the hands, especially in the thumb, index, middle and ring fingers.
  2. Muscle weakness:

    • Difficulty holding small objects or carrying out activities that require hand strength.
  3. Pain and Discomfort:

    • Pain that may radiate from the wrist to the arm, especially at night.
  4. Burning sensation:

    • Some people report a burning sensation in the affected area.

Treatment Options:

  1. Activity Control:

    • Moderation in activities that can aggravate symptoms.
  2. Physiotherapy:

    • Specific exercises can help strengthen the muscles and relieve pressure on the nerve.
  3. Night Orthoses :

  4. Anti-inflammatory medications:

    • Temporary relief of pain and inflammation with prescription medications.
  5. Corticosteroid Injections:

    • Administration of corticosteroids to reduce inflammation.
  6. Surgery:

    • In severe cases, surgical release of the carpal tunnel may be recommended.


  1. Proper Posture:

    • Keep wrists in a neutral position during repetitive activities.
  2. Intervals and Stretches:

    • Take frequent breaks and perform stretching exercises during activities that require repetitive use of your hands.
  3. Ergonomics at Work:

    • Adjust your workstation to minimize strain on your wrists.

It is essential to seek guidance from a healthcare professional when experiencing symptoms consistent with CTS. Early diagnosis and appropriate management can help manage the condition effectively and improve quality of life.

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